For Healthcare Providers
A SAP can reduce the time between the onset of a seizure emergency and the patient receiving rescue medication. The timing to rescue administration is often prolonged in both home and medical settings , which may lead to poorer outcomes for the patient. Faster administration of rescue interventions has been associated with reduced risk of prolonged seizures, reduced mortality, and reduced need for additional rescue medications [1-4].
Additionally, patients and caregivers with a SAP in place are more knowledgeable and confident around managing seizures and acting in an emergency [5-6], and a clear and concise SAP can also be used to guide medical professionals responding to a seizure emergency.
Improving the lives of of people with epilepsy and their caregivers includes a patient-centered approach. We encourage healthcare providers to discuss and develop a seizure action plan with their patients. When developing a SAP we suggest keeping the language simple and easy to follow and 1-2 pages maximum. Since the individual following the SAP may not be familiar with the patient, it should include basic seizure safety steps and pictures of medication may also be helpful. Be sure to have a clear and easy to follow emergency plan for the patient, including: simple instructions on when to administer medication and dosing (including additional doses); when to call the neurology provider; and when to call emergency services or go to the emergency department. SAP templates can be found on our Resources page.